Today is Thursday, May 16, the 136th day of 2019. There are 229 days left in the year.

Highlight in history

On May 16, 1966, China launched the Cultural Revolution, a radical as well as deadly reform movement aimed at purging the country of “counter-revolutionaries.”

On this date

In 1770, Marie Antoinette, age 14, married the future King Louis XVI of France, who was 15.

In 1868, at the U.S. Senate impeachment trial of President Andrew Johnson, 35 out of 54 senators voted to find Johnson guilty of “high crimes and misdemeanors” over his attempted dismissal of Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton, falling one vote short of the two-thirds majority needed to convict; the trial ended 10 days later after two other articles of impeachment went down to defeat as well.

In 1943, the nearly month-long Warsaw Ghetto Uprising came to an end as German forces crushed the Jewish resistance and blew up the Great Synagogue.

In 1997, President Bill Clinton publicly apologized for the notorious Tuskegee experiment, in which government scientists deliberately allowed black men to weaken and die of treatable syphilis.

In 2007, anti-war Democrats in the Senate failed in an attempt to cut off funds for the Iraq war.

Ten years ago

Rachel Alexandra became the first filly to win the Preakness Stakes since 1924, holding off a late charge by Kentucky Derby winner Mine That Bird to capture the middle jewel of the Triple Crown by a length.

Five years ago

Federal safety regulators slapped General Motors with a record $35 million fine for taking more than a decade to disclose an ignition-switch defect in millions of cars linked at that point to at least 13 deaths (the figure later rose to 90).

U.S. Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel pledged to Israeli leaders that the U.S. would “do what we must” to prevent the Jewish state’s greatest fear of a nuclear-armed Iran from being realized.

One year ago

Officials at Michigan State University said they had agreed to pay $500 million to settle claims from more than 300 women and girls who said they were assaulted by sports doctor Larry Nassar.

Today’s Birthdays

Former U.S. Rep John Conyers, D-Mich., 90.

Director of National Intelligence Dan Coats, 76.

Jazz musician Billy Cobham, 75.

Actor Pierce Brosnan, 66.

Actress Debra Winger, 64.

Olympic gold medal gymnast Olga Korbut, 64.

Olympic gold medal marathon runner Joan Benoit Samuelson, 62.

Actress Mare Winningham, 60.

Rock musician Boyd Tinsley (the Dave Matthews Band), 55.

Rock musician Krist Novoselic, 54.

Singer Janet Jackson, 53.

Political correspondent Tucker Carlson, 50.

Actress Tracey Gold, 50.

International Tennis Hall of Famer Gabriela Sabatini, 49.

Actress Tori Spelling, 46.

Actor Miles Heizer, 25.

Thought for Today: “The enemy of the conventional wisdom is not ideas but the march of events.” — John Kenneth Galbraith, American economist, diplomat and author (1908-2006).

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