Today is Friday, Feb. 14, the 45th day of 2020. There are 321 days left in the year. This is Valentine’s Day.

Today’s highlight in history

On Feb. 14, 2018, a gunman identified as a former student opened fire with a semi-automatic rifle at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School near Fort Lauderdale, Fla., killing 17 people in the nation’s deadliest school shooting since the attack in Newtown, Conn., more than five years earlier.

On this date

In 1859, Oregon was admitted to the Union as the 33rd state.

In 1876, inventors Alexander Graham Bell and Elisha Gray applied separately for patents related to the telephone. (The U.S. Supreme Court eventually ruled Bell the rightful inventor.)

In 1913, labor leader Jimmy Hoffa was born in Brazil, Ind.; college football coach Woody Hayes was born in Clifton, Ohio; sports broadcaster Mel Allen was born in Birmingham, Ala.

In 1929, the “St. Valentine’s Day Massacre” took place in a Chicago garage as seven rivals of Al Capone’s gang were gunned down.

In 1945, during World War II, British and Canadian forces reached the Rhine River in Germany.

In 1949, Israel’s Knesset convened for the first time.

In 1967, Aretha Franklin recorded her cover of Otis Redding’s “Respect” at Atlantic Records in New York.

In 1985, Cable News Network reporter Jeremy Levin, held hostage by extremists in Lebanon, escaped from his captors.

Ten years ago

The Americans broke through the Nordic combined barrier at Vancouver as Johnny Spillane won the silver, the first U.S. Olympic medal in the sport dominated since its inception by the Europeans (Jason Lamy Chappuis of France won the gold).

Jamie McMurray won the Daytona 500.

The Eastern Conference edged the West 141-139 in the NBA All-Star game in Arlington, Texas.

Five years ago

A Danish gunman attacked a free-speech seminar and a synagogue in Copenhagen, killing two people; the shooter was later slain by a special police team.

One year ago

William Barr was sworn in for his second stint as the nation’s attorney general; he succeeded Jeff Sessions, who’d been pushed out of office by President Donald Trump after Trump denounced Sessions’ decision to recuse himself from the Russia investigation.

Amazon abruptly dropped plans for a big new headquarters in New York after politicians and activists objected to the nearly $3 billion in incentives that had been promised to the company.

European aviation giant Airbus said it would stop making its superjumbo A380 in 2021 after struggling to sell the plane, the world’s biggest passenger jet.

Today’s Birthdays

TV personality Hugh Downs, 99.

Former New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg, 78.

Journalist Carl Bernstein, 76.

Cajun singer-musician Michael Doucet (Beausoleil), 69.

Opera singer Renee Fleming, 61.

Actress Meg Tilly, 60.

Pro Football Hall of Famer Jim Kelly, 60.

Rock singer Rob Thomas (Matchbox Twenty), 48.

Former NFL quarterback Drew Bledsoe, 48.

Actress Danai Gurira, 42.

Thought for Today: “We are effectively destroying ourselves by violence masquerading as love.” — R.D. Laing, Scottish psychiatrist (1927-1989).

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